Belarusian memory of the Second World War once helped legitimise the Lukashenka regime. Now it is undermining it.
Belarus’ history has been a series of false starts, but the recent uprisings against Alexander Lukashenko suggest a new chapter is imminent.
What took ten years in Poland took ten days in Czechoslovakia. But, as some Czechs would discover, not all revolutions are equal.
Events in the Baltic States at the end of the First World War had serious long-term consequences.
In November 1918, writes Elizabeth Wiskemann, the first Czechoslovak Republic was founded.
Cecil Parrott describes how the elderly monarch from a Christmas carol was based on the character of a young and vigorous sovereign, assassinated on his birthday by his own brother.
Joanna Richardson describes how, during the 1830s, the world of Bohemia offered a warm and fruitful climate to artists and writers.
Michael Grant tells how, some 1000 years ago, the “Scourge of God” died on his wedding night.
Terence O’Brien recounts how some women served with their husbands in the Crimean War as cooks, laundresses and nurses to the Regiment.
Between the years 1300 and 600 B.C. the virile kingdom of Ararat rose to be a large empire, which long held the Assyrians at bay.