Volume 69 Issue 10 October 2019

The Golden Ages

Successful cities, by the very nature of mercantile and intellectual exchange, must be multicultural and tolerant of diversity.

Building Borders

The Aliens Act of 1905 created a new type of immigrant to the UK and a new way of dealing with them.

Good Time Charlie

A new book presents an account of Charlemagne, year by year, without hindsight.

A History of Chop Suey

A dish which arrived with the Gold Rush, spread with the railway and endured prohibition was Chinese by origin, but claimed by America.

The Arrow Incident

On 8 October 1856, a British flagged Chinese vessel was seized and the Second Opium War began.