Robert Bruce

King Mindon of Burma

For twenty-five years, King Mindon preserved a peaceful and progressive atmosphere in nineteenth-century Burma.

Louis XIV’s Mission to Siam

During the second half of the seventeenth century, writes Robert Bruce, France hoped to dominate Siam and convert its sovereign to the Christian faith.

Constantine Phaulkon: The Greek Dictator of Siam

Constantine Gerakis, c 1648-88, better known as Phaulkon, was an exemplar of Europe's burgeoning influence in Asia in the seventeenth century. He played the role of intermediary between the representatives of the European powers and King Narai of Siam with great success, argues Robert Bruce, but paid for eventual failure with his life.