Iris Macfarlane

Iris Macfarlane describes how the East India Company in 1714-17 sought to flatter the Mughal Emperor.

Iris Macfarlane describes how the Malabar coast in western India was the earliest scene of European sea-borne trade.

The English seventeenth century was an Age of Anxiety; Iris Macfarlane describes how Oliver Heywood and other devout spirits sought refuge in religious faith.

Akbar holds a religious assembly of different faiths in the Ibadat Khana in Fatehpur Sikri.

Iris Macfarlane assesses how Christian missions from Goa operated at the Mughal Emperor’s court.

Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur

Iris Macfarlane describes how, during the early sixteenth century, two dominant cultures, Mughal and European, first began to spread on Indian soil.

While the Pilgrim Fathers were drawing up plans for sailing to America, writes Iris Macfarlane, Thomas Roe in India was laying the foundations in a very different form of British Empire.