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Christopher Goscha

Portrait of K’ung Fu-tzu (Latinised to Confucius). Copyright Bridgeman Images

A short introduction to the Chinese ethical system.

Independence celebration in Hanoi, 1954. Copyright Edouard Boubat/Getty Images

Vietnamese national identity has been forged in opposition to foreign invaders. But while a united Vietnam is a recent development, the country has long been coloniser as well as colonised.