A detail from The Garden of Earthly Delights, by Hieronymus Bosch, 1490-1500 © Bridgeman Images

Despite the religious rupture caused by the Reformation, fear of the Apocalypse remained common to both sides of western Christendom. But older, classical ideas of an eternal return were at work, too.

The Creation, from the Luther Bible, c.1530.

An account of how belief became opinion.

Bronze relief panel from the Gutenberg Monument in Mainz, by David d’Angers, 1840.

How one of the greatest advances in human culture also helped divide Christendom.  

A master of the early Renaissance depicts the moment that Christians regard as the confirmation of Jesus’ divinity.

The ideas set out by Martin Luther sparked a reformation in the idea of authority itself. 

A comprehensive account of the man who split western Christendom for good.

St Mary’s church, Credenhill, Herefordshire. 14th-century window with St Thomas de Cantilupe on the right alongside St Thomas Becket

The small city of Hereford became one of England’s most important pilgrim sites due to the many miracles attributed to a local saint.

God’s general: St Ignatius of Loyola, by Daniel Seghers and Jan Wildens, 17th century.

Saint Ignatius of Loyola became General of the Society of Jesus on April 19th, 1541.

High churchman: John Keble in 1863

The churchmen and leader of the Oxford Movement died on March 29th 1866.

Convert king: statue of Ethelbert at Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

The first English king to be converted to Christianity died on February 24th, 616.