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Third Reich

Resurgence: Ernst Remer, leader of the Socialist Reich Party (SRP), addresses a meeting, c.1951.

Many people have been accused of trying to establish a Fourth Reich, but what was it?

Untitled drawing by Nina Jirsikovà, 1941.

Periods are a fact of life, but little talked about. How did women in the concentration camps cope with the private being made public in the most dire and extreme circumstances?

From Heimat: A German Family Album, Nora Krug, 2018.

The question of the responsibility of the ‘everyman’ and ‘everywoman’ remains a pressing one.

In Nazi Germany, a number of female doctors and nurses worked at Ravensbrück concentration camp, where medical treatment was replaced by negligence, experimentation and violence. What led these women to take jobs there?

West German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, makes his farewell speech before resigning from office on 15 October 1963, with Willy Brandt, Chancellor 1969-74, on his left.

How did Germany’s postwar politicians deal with the legacy of Nazism and defeat?

Prora in 2004.

On the coast of Rügen island in northern Germany is a beach resort fit for a Führer.

The ‘Nazi who said sorry’ was a master of constructing his own narrative.

Together: Zwei Stehende (Two Women Standing) is a monument to Ravensbrück.

The site of the concentration camp near Berlin remains little known.

New perspectives on the Holocaust are possible if we transcend the limitations of German national history and consider it as a global catastrophe, argues Timothy Snyder.

Chaplin's celebrated film first appeared on 15 October 1940.