England

Engraving from a self-portrait, published in two of her works.

In the 18th century, when women in scholarship were not encouraged and medieval languages were little-studied even by men, Elizabeth Elstob become a pioneer in Anglo-Saxon studies, her work even finding its way into the hands of Thomas Jefferson.

Durham Cathedral, construction of which began in 1093

George Molyneaux explores how the realm of the English, conquered in 1066, was formed. 

R.J. White analyses the events of the “Derbyshire Insurrection” - otherwise known as the Pentrich Revolution - as an example of local history in its bearing on national history.

Thomas Cook

How Thomas Cook and his son changed the aspects of travel, at home and abroad.

As forests and wild deer diminished in England, sportsmen took to the fox; Charles Chenevix Trench describes how hunting became the pastime of more varied social classes.

After a happy marriage, writes Joanna Richardson, the Heiress Apparent died, three years before her father became King George IV.

Joanna Richardson describes some French visitors to England, from Louis XVIII and Madame de Stael to Verlaine and Mallarme.

John Prest describes how the progressive Whig reformer of the 1830s became unpopular as Prime Minister after 1846.

‘If Napoleon had conducted the campaign of Java exactly as did Auchmuty, whole libraries would have been written in laudation of it. Yet this brilliant and sterling soldier has been forgotten.’ So wrote Sir John Fortescue in his History of the British ArmyA loyalist, born in New York, Auchmuty served the British Crown in India, Egypt, Latin America and Java. By Bernard Pool.

A younger son of William IV and Mrs Jordan, writes Martin Murphy, had a natural vocation for the stage rather than the Church.