Italy and the Counter-Reformation

Judith Hook describes how, during the sixteenth century gifted churchmen in Italy tried, against crosscurrents of foreign influence, to heal the divisions of Christianity

As it has been understood, the movement popularly known as the Counter-Reformation should, more properly, be referred to as the Catholic Reformation. We recognize it as a movement that began long before Luther revolted against the Catholic Church and a movement which had its origins in precisely the same dissatisfaction with the state of the Church as was felt by Luther. We also recognize that both the Catholic and the Protestant Reformations were closely bound up with politics and often dependent on the political systems of sixteenth-century Europe.

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