Volume 58 Issue 1 January 2008

Germany's new Chancellor took power on 30 January 1933.

Gandhi was shot on 30 January 1948 by the Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse.

Richard Cavendish remembers how France took Calais, the last continental possession of England, on January 7th, 1558.

The ill-suited couple were wed on January 25th, 1308.

Report by H.F. Ito a Japanese born close to Hiroshima In 1942, now living in France, on a conference held in December 2007 in Nanjing to commemorate the massacre of Chinese citizens by Japanese troops in December 1937.

Caroline Lawrence, author of the popular Roman Mysteries books, explains how the ancient world first grabbed her attention.

Mark Bryant looks at the cartoons published in imperial Japan during the Second World War.

Glen Jeansonne and David Luhrssen describe how the pioneer aviator Charles Lindbergh was increasingly disturbed by the tension between technology and its impact on the environment. In his later career, in the 1960s, Lindbergh became a spokesman for the embryonic environmental movement as they describe here.

Burma became independent in 1948. Ben Morris asks if Britain could have done more for this unhappy country.

John Styles considers whether the fashion for wearing pocket-watches flourished among working men in the eighteenth century because it was stylish, because they needed to know the time accurately, or for some other reason.

Rosalind Crone introduces a database of readers and reading habits since 1450.

Gordon Brown’s promised written constitution – if it happens – won’t be the first in British history, as Patrick Little reminds us.

Mark Juddery introduces The Story of the Kelly Gang, possibly the first-ever feature film, now largely lost, that was made a hundred years ago in Australia about the notorious outlaw with the unusual body-armour. Hugely popular when it was first released in 1906, it spawned a genre of bushranger movies and epitomized the significance of the Kelly legend in Australian cultural identity.

Peter Furtado finds out how hundreds of local historical initiatives are changing the political and cultural climate of Northern Ireland.

The United States’ participation in military conflict has had unexpected results, and often has produced very different political outcomes to those originally intended.

Helen Rappaport visits the town on the Russian-Siberian border that has become a focus for Romanov pilgrimage.

York Membery remembers John By, the brilliant British military engineer responsible for building the 175-year-old Rideau Canal.

Suzanne Bardgett, director of the Holocaust Exhibition at the Imperial War Museum, reports on this ambitious new facility which opened in October.

A.S.H. Smyth witnesses the first Meskel Festival of Ethiopia’s Third Millennium, in the ancient capital of Gonder.