Volume 58 Issue 1 January 2008

Germany's new Chancellor took power on January 30th, 1933.

The ill-suited couple were wed on January 25th, 1308.

Richard Cavendish remembers how France took Calais, the last continental possession of England, on January 7th, 1558.

Ian J. Bickerton and Kenneth J. Hagan argue that, contrary to Clausewitz’ view of war as a means for achieving political ends, the United States’ participation in military conflict has had unexpected results, and often has produced very different political outcomes to those originally intended.

The editor answers your correspondence.

The other day a cousin I rarely see came to lunch, bringing with her the tree of my mother’s family which she has been researching; she had managed to get back to the mid-seventeenth century (they were farmers living a few miles south of Bedford).

Report by H.F. Ito a Japanese born close to Hiroshima In 1942, now living in France, on a conference held in December 2007 in Nanjing to commemorate the massacre of Chinese citizens by Japanese troops in December 1937.

Nicholas Orme reviews a book by Charles Nicholl

Jerome Kuehl reviews two books on the Second World War

Caroline Lawrence, author of the popular Roman Mysteries books, explains how the ancient world first grabbed her attention.

Mark Bryant looks at the cartoons published in imperial Japan during the Second World War.

Glen Jeansonne and David Luhrssen describe how the pioneer aviator Charles Lindbergh was increasingly disturbed by the tension between technology and its impact on the environment. In his later career, in the 1960s, Lindbergh became a spokesman for the embryonic environmental movement as they describe here.

Burma became independent in 1948. Ben Morris asks if Britain could have done more for this unhappy country.

John Styles considers whether the fashion for wearing pocket-watches flourished among working men in the eighteenth century because it was stylish, because they needed to know the time accurately, or for some other reason.

Rosalind Crone introduces a database of readers and reading habits since 1450.

Gordon Brown’s promised written constitution – if it happens – won’t be the first in British history, as Patrick Little reminds us.

Mark Juddery introduces The Story of the Kelly Gang, possibly the first-ever feature film, now largely lost, that was made a hundred years ago in Australia about the notorious outlaw with the unusual body-armour. Hugely popular when it was first released in 1906, it spawned a genre of bushranger movies and epitomized the significance of the Kelly legend in Australian cultural identity.

Peter Furtado finds out how hundreds of local historical initiatives are changing the political and cultural climate of Northern Ireland.

Gandhi was shot on January 30th, 1948 by the Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse.

Helen Rappaport visits the town on the Russian-Siberian border that has become a focus for Romanov pilgrimage.

The History Today Film of the Year award has been awarded to the 60-minute documentary Hungary 1956: Our Revolution, written, directed and produced by Mark Kidel and first broadcast on BBC 4 in October 2006, though recently repeated.

Suzanne Bardgett, director of the Holocaust Exhibition at the Imperial War Museum, reports on this ambitious new facility which opened in October.

York Membery remembers John By, the brilliant British military engineer responsible for building the 175-year-old Rideau Canal.

A.S.H. Smyth witnesses the first Meskel Festival of Ethiopia’s Third Millennium, in the ancient capital of Gonder.

Nigel Jones reviews a book on Cold War history by Patrick Wright.