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Volume 54 Issue 7 July 2004

The world's longest railway was completed on 21 July 1904.

The Scottish king fought Malcolm Canmore on 27 July 1054.

Richard English argues that historians have a practical and constructive role to play in today’s Ulster.

Valentine Fallan offers a new look at a once-derided source for the Norman Conquest.

Museum director Duncan Robinson reintroduces the famous Cambridge museum that has undergone some major developments in recent months.

The Republican Party was founded on July 6th, 1854.

Alexander Wilkinson considers what the French made of the controversial royal who played a pivotal role in the French wars of religion, both as Queen of Scots and Queen of France.

Matthew Stewart traces the roots of the Greco-Turkish war of 1921-22, and the consequent refugee crisis, to the postwar settlements of 1919-20.

Geoff Quilley shows how the work of Hodges, official artist on Cook’s second voyage and subject of a major exhibition opening this month at the National Maritime Museum, sheds light on perceptions of the British Empire.

B.J. Copeland and Diane Proudfoot recall the contribution to the war effort in 1939-45 of the British computer scientist.

Michael Leech visits the city that is celebrating the anniversary of the marriage of Mary Tudor and the future Philip II of Spain, 450 years ago this month.

Paul Cartledge goes in search of the elusive personality of the world’s greatest hero.

Andrew Chugg pinpoints the Emperor’s long-lost tomb.

Robert Hume investigates the first major railway disaster in Britain, which took the lives of over thirty people in a collision in North Wales.

Daniel Snowman meets the celebrated telly-don and historian of 17th-century Holland, 18th-century France and America, all of British history and much else besides.