Volume 30 Issue 5 May 1980

In 1801 the Royal Navy received a message from Lord Elgin, ambassador in Athens, requesting a warship to carry off the caryatid porch of the Erectheum. ‘Buonaparte has not got such a thing, from all his thefts in Italy,’ Elgin gloated.
This is an affectionate and scholarly account of the ancient Romans’ passion for bathing which builds on the author’s more extensive study, Baths and Bathing in Classical Antiquity , first published by MIT Press in 1992.
This is the third of four volumes of Berlin's selected essays, which kind colleagues are editing for him, with complete apparatus of Introductions, Bibliographies, Notes, as for an author of major works. One would have thought that with his European outlook and linguistic equipment we might have had by this time three or four solid books on European thought, Russian, German, French or even English. However, we are grateful for this substitute of collections of essays with their illuminating comments on not altogether disparate subjects.

The New Year murder of an Edinburgh watchman, explains Andrew G. Ralston, was to affect both local security and attitudes to young offenders.

Norman Gash on the personal life of the man who was Prime Minister at the time of Waterloo and for nearly twelve years afterwards, who has hitherto excited little attention.

Deirdre N. McCloskey reviews a book by Joel Mokyr.

The refugee supporters of the House of Stuart, explains Bruce Lehman, made new lives for themselves as Europeans, achieving success as bankers, merchants, soldiers, churchmen and diplomats.

Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South - A Historiographical Survey by Hugh Tulloch.

Hinduism in the late nineteenth century, explains Lenah Leneman, experienced a revival that was to reawaken its devotees to their ancient faith, expose them to Christian and Muslim ideas, and finally to make its influence felt as far afield as America.

Gandhi's lasting significance lies, perhaps, not so much in what he actually did, but what he stood for.... Men like him may be done to death, but their message is not silenced in the making of this century

The Mexican Revolution, which began in 1910, was one of the great revolutionary upheavals of the twentieth century.