Volume 20 Issue 7 July 1970

Hereward Senior traces the British employment of foreign professional soldiery, from Danish axemen before the Norman Conquest, to Sepoys in the days of the British East India Company.

The Education Act of 1870 was a landmark in Liberal policy, writes Paul Adelman, but it failed to satisfy the Nonconformist conscience of many Liberal supporters.

Harold Kurtz offers the background to the Franco-Prussian War.

Alan Rogers wonders why Lincoln and its environs is often overlooked as a historic English shire.

Bernard Pool describes how Pepys regarded the Naval shipbuilding programme of 1677 as his greatest administrative achievement.

If the world were ruled by a single Christian monarch, peace and justice would prevail: such was Dante’s vision in the early fourteenth century, writes Robert F. Murphy.

Roderick Cavaliero introduces Admiral Pierre Andre de Suffren, an eighteenth century legend of the French navy.

Iris Macfarlane assesses how Christian missions from Goa operated at the Mughal Emperor’s court.