Issue 44 December 2002

Women in Britain, 1900-2000 Annette Mayer Hodder and Stoughton, Access to History series, 2002 The Access to History series enjoys a good...

The editor, Robert Pearce, has kept the best reference books for himself.

Mark Rathbone examines the varied reputation of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland.

Martin Johnes reviews a wide-ranging textbook.

Simon Lemieux examines the hard facts about the Inquisition and counters the common caricature.

F.G. Stapleton examines the momentous social and political consequences of Germany's spectacular economic growth.

The essay entitled 'How important was the press in the desacralisation of the French monarchy in 1789?', by Olivia Grant of St Paul's Girls' School, was awarded the Julia Wood Prize out of 136 entries. An edited version appears below; a second award was made to Richard Eschwege of City of London School for an essay on Pope Gregory VII.

Robert Pearce examines the career of the man who was successively trade union leader, Minister of Labour and Foreign Secretary.

John Claydon analyses the increasingly rich profusion of writings on the nature of the Bolshevik Revolution and of subsequent Soviet rule.

Andrew Reekes speaks out in protest at the new A2/AS dispensation.