William Gladstone

Robert Rhodes James describes the unexpected fall of Gladstone's government in June 1885, a cause of acute embarrassment to the parliamentary Opposition, whose victory caught them unprepared.

Maurice Shock explains how Gladstone, a deeply moralistic and liberal statesman, came to embark along the path of intervention, conquest and occupation.

'The Perfect Family': statue by Barney Seale displayed at the Empire Exhibition, Glasgow, 1938. Stephenson / Stringer / Getty Images

Gladstone and his Victorian Liberals still offer a great insight into the UK's divisions.

Though they are often seen as polar opposites,the architect of modern Germany and the great British Liberal statesman shared more in common than one might think. Roland Quinault draws comparisons.

Charles Chenevix Trench finds that, as Governor of Equatoria and then Governor-General of the Sudan from 1874-1880, one of C. G. Gordon’s chief concerns was suppressing the slave-trade.

Four times Prime Minister, Gladstone owes his great reputation, A.F. Thompson argues, less to his achievements in office than to his character and personality.

Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, accounts for the last hours in active British politics for the 'Grand Old Man'.

The memories of Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, of the political crisis that Gladstone's final resignation caused at the heart of the British government in 1894.

The poets Gerard Manley Hopkins and Coventry Patmore both subscribed to a Tory world view, fiercely opposing the reforms of Prime Minister Gladstone. But their correspondence reveals two very different personalities, says Gerald Roberts.

Kevin Haddick Flynn looks at the attempt of the Grand Old Man of Liberalism to solve the Irish question and his conversion to Home Rule in the mid-1880s.