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American Civil War

(1861-65) Military conflict between the slave-owning American south (the breakaway Confederate States of America) and the free industrialized north (fighting to preserve the Union). The north had... read more

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Alan Farmer explains why the North won the American Civil War.

‘War is an uncivil game and can’t be civilised’, said one Union sergeant of General Sherman’s rampage through Georgia in 1864. Matt Carr discusses this turning point in the American Civil War and the historical legacy of the man behind it.

Volume: 64 Issue: 11 2014

Roger Hudson expands on a photograph of a locomotive taken during the American Civil War by one of Mathew Brady’s team.

Volume: 64 Issue: 8 2014

The great Confederate commander was fatally wounded at Chancellorsville on May 2nd, 1863.

Volume: 63 Issue: 5 2013

Of the many immigrants from the United Kingdom who took up arms in the war, only a small number were English. Daniel Clarke explores the experiences of those who served.

Volume: 63 Issue: 4 2013

David Waller on the 150th anniversary of a ship that symbolised Liverpool’s ties to the Confederate states during the American Civil War.

Volume: 62 Issue: 8 2012

The American Civil War was not a simple struggle between slaveholders and abolitionists, argues Tim Stanley.

Volume: 61 Issue: 9 2011

The American Civil War transformed the nature of conflict. Its opening salvos harked back to Waterloo; its end anticipated the industrial warfare of the 20th century, writes David White.

Volume: 60 Issue: 6 2010

Richard Cavendish remembers the events of December 20th, 1860.

Volume: 60 Issue: 12 2010

The English journalist Walter Bagehot was one of the few commentators to grapple with the constitutional issues behind the the American Civil War. Frank Prochaska discusses his ideas.

Volume: 60 Issue: 2 2010

John Spiller surveys race relations in the United States during Reconstruction and constructs a balance sheet.

Issue: 65 2009

Mark Bryant examines how cartoonists saw the most traumatic years of American history.

Volume: 58 Issue 6 2008

Gervase Phillips examines the extent and significance of an often misunderstood phenomenon.

Issue: 59 2007

Susan-Mary Grant argues that the cult of the fallen soldier has its origins at Gettysburg and other battlefield monuments of the American Civil War.

Volume: 56 Issue: 3 2006

Richard Cavendish describes the massacre of the 'slave hounds' at the settlement of Pottawatomie Creek on May 24th, 1856.

Volume: 56 Issue: 5 2006

Gervase Phillips points out the limitations in a common interpretation.

Issue: 56 2006

Historians have often stressed the modernity of America’s Civil War. Yet Gervase Phillips argues that the dependence on often weary, sickly horses on both sides in the war had a significant impact on the development, and final outcome of, the struggle.

Volume: 55 Issue: 12 2005

Alan Farmer explains why the North won the American Civil War.

Issue: 52 2005

John Spicer judges that slavery was the key factor in producing the conflict.

Issue: 49 2004

James I. Robertson, Jr. looks at the man behind the legendary Confederate hero.

Volume: 53 Issue: 2 2003

The man who gave his name to the notorious killing machine died on February 26th, 1903

Volume: 53 Issue: 2 2003

Susan-Mary Grant looks at the motivations of ordinary citizens to fight their fellow Americans under either the Confederate or the Union flags.

Volume: 50 Issue: 7 2000

The image of the American Civil War as a ‘white man’s fight’ became the national norm almost as soon as the last shot was fired. Susan-Mary Grant looks at the experience and legacy of the conflict for black Americans.

Volume: 48 Issue: 9 1998

Shell-shocked - a phrase redolent of the Western Front and the Great War. But was it also a reality fifty years earlier on the killing fields of Virginia? John Talbott investigates.

Volume: 46 Issue: 3 1996

Cecilia O'Leary looks at how national identity was repaired following the fratricidal traumas of the American Civil War.

Volume: 44 Issue: 10 1994

Sentiment, profit and commercial laissez-faire bound the merchants of England's busiest port ever closer to the rebel confederacy across the Atlantic after 1861. John D. Pelzer explains how and why.

Volume: 40 Issue: 3 1990

The newly-found voices of the slaves caught up in the American Civil War, and heard through letters to their families, are a testimony to their tenacity and unity in the struggle for emancipation.

Volume: 37 Issue: 1 1987

In the last days of his life, explains William S. McFeely, Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War General and twice President of the United States, sat on the porch of his home at Mount McGregor writing the story of his life.

Volume: 32 Issue: 12 1982

Japan had two great infatuations with the West: in the 1870s and during the American occupation of 1945-52. Forsaking traditional isolationism, Japan welcomed Western ideas and customs with open arms, and according to Jean-Pierre Lehmann, what resulted was not an ersatz Western culture but one that retained a distinct national identity

Volume: 31 Issue: 1 1981

M. Foster Farley introduces one of the most marked and original men of his day and generation; Tattnall distinguished himself in many hard-fought engagements from 1812 to 1864.

Volume: 29 Issue: 3 1979

Louis C. Kleber describes a crushing defeat for the North in the American Civil War, and its new Army Commander, John Pope.

Volume: 28 Issue: 12 1978

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