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Wars of the Roses

English civil wars (1455-85) between the Houses of Lancaster and York, named for their respective emblems of a red and white rose. Conflicts and power struggles on a local and national scale broke... read more

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Henry Tudor defeated and killed Richard III in battle in August 1485. That much is certain. Colin Richmond, however, wonders how the battle was fought; what prompted Yorkists to defect to the...

Chris Skidmore praises Colin Richmond’s 1985 article, which offered a new theory, later confirmed, about the true location of one of the most famous battles in English history.

Volume: 64 Issue: 6 2014

Derek Wilson looks at Henry Tudor’s long period of exile and asks what influence it had on his exercise of power following his seizure of the English throne in 1485.

Volume: 63 Issue: 4 2013

The ‘biggest, bloodiest and longest battle on English soil’ was fought at Towton in Yorkshire on Palm Sunday 1461. Its brutality was a consequence of deep geographical and cultural divisions which persist to this day, writes George Goodwin.

Volume: 61 Issue: 5 2011

Anthony Pollard visits the History Today archive to examine Alan Rogers’ claim that a lack of principle among rival lords resulted in the great conflagration of 15th-century England.

Volume: 60 Issue: 5 2010

Robin Evans puts Henry Tudor's victory into Welsh historical perspective.

Issue: 44 2002

Anthony Pollard explains how the rivalry of two great Northern families contributed to civil war in fifteenth-century England.

Volume: 43 Issue: 9 1993

Colin Richmond analyses the part played by the written (and spoken) word in shoring up popular allegiances to the rival dynasties

Volume: 42 Issue: 7 1992

Henry Tudor defeated and killed Richard III in battle in August 1485. That much is certain. Colin Richmond, however, wonders how the battle was fought; what prompted Yorkists to defect to the Lancastrian side; and above all, where exactly did the battle take place?

Volume: 35 Issue: 8 1985

David Starkey looks at the early Tudor period.

Volume: 32 Issue: 11 1982

K.R. Dockray introduces a West Riding family of Percy retainers, whose land-holdings suffered from the Wars of the Roses and from legal disputes.

Volume: 27 Issue: 7 1977

L.W. Cowie explains how the Hansard merchants from northern Germany maintained their own Community in London from medieval times until 1852.

Volume: 25 Issue: 11 1975

The Wars of the Roses were no clear-cut dynastic conflict, but rather a series of struggles between the magnates of the age and the retinues they maintained by Alan Rogers. Anthony Pollard offered his own separate historiographical analysis in 2010.

Volume: 17 Issue: 3 1967

Maurice Keen chronicles a set of 15th century letters - the product of everyday communication between English gentry and officialdom - and suggests how their contents may change the reader's views of the late middle ages. Helen Castor offered her own contemporary historiographical account in 2010.

Volume: 9 Issue: 5 1959

Albert Makinson assesses the rival party claims of Lancaster and York, which afforded the pretext for a blaze of plebeian discontent and patrician lawlessness that filled England for the next one hundred and fifty years with a profound horror of civil war genealogy of the ruling family, and fewer still in the principles of parliamentary democracy.

Volume: 9 Issue: 9 1959

David Williams traces the Welsh heritage of England's greatest monarchy to medieval times and the Wars of the Roses.

Volume: 4 Issue: 2 1954

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