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The name given retrospectively to a series of campaigns preached by the papacy initially for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims, but from the mid-12th century extending into other... read more

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What did medieval contemporaries think of military orders such as the Knights Hospitaller and Teutonic Knights? Helen Nicholson investigates.

Sean McGlynn reconsiders the origins of the popular myth and suggests a new contender for the original folk hero; not an outlaw from Nottingham but a devoted royal servant from Kent, who opposed the French invasion against King John in 1216.

Volume: 63 Issue: 3 2013

The popular image of crusading is derived almost entirely from western accounts of the victorious First Crusade. Yet when historians examine Byzantine sources about the campaign a very different picture emerges, argues Peter Frankopan.

Volume: 62 Issue: 9 2012

Outremer, the crusader kingdom, and its capital Jerusalem entered a golden age during the 1130s. Simon Sebag Montefiore portrays its extraordinary cast of kings, queens, conquerors and criminals.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Aug 15, 1209 - Richard Cavendish marks the anniversary of a great fortress being sacked.

Volume: 59 Issue: 8 2009

An idea promoted by Pope Urban II at the end of the 11th century continues to resonate in modern poliltics. Jonathan Phillips traces the 800-year history of ‘Crusade’ and its power as a concept that shows no sign of diminishing.

Volume: 59 Issue: 11 2009

Marius Ostrowski explains why the Church was so dominant in the Middle ages, but also sees traces of a growing secularism.


Christopher Tyerman, author of a new history of the crusading movement, explains why he believes the crusades were important in shaping the ideology and fiscal and political structures of the secular state.

Volume: 56 Issue: 9 2006

Douglas James explains why so many in the Christian West answered Urban II’s call to arms following the Council of Clermont in 1095.

Issue: 53 2005

Tom Bowers previews the History Channel’s new series on the Crusades and finds out what is different from previous attempts to put the holy wars on screen.

Volume: 55 Issue: 11 2005

Umej Bhatia discusses Muslim memories of the Crusades and their resonances in Middle Eastern politics today.

Volume: 55 Issue: 5 2005

Jonathan Phillips sees one of the most notorious events in European history as a typical ‘clash of cultures’.

Volume: 54 Issue: 5 2004

Anthony Bryer considers the life and work of this great historian, who died in November 2000.

Volume: 51 Issue: 5 2001

Debra Higgs Strickland examines the extraordinary demonology of medieval Christendom and the way it endowed strangers and enemies with monstrous qualities.

Volume: 50 Issue: 2 2000

On June 15th, 1098, the army of the First Crusade discovered the Holy Lance – the very spear that had pierced Christ’s side on the cross - in the city of Antioch.

Volume: 48 Issue: 6 1998

Barber examines the medieval Christian view of Muslims and Islam. Casting Islam and Muslims as the enemy was crucial in the Crusades, and the context of conflict has colored Christian-Islamic relations since.

Volume: 47 Issue: 5 1997

Robert Irwin on how Islam saw the Christian invaders.

Volume: 47 Issue: 4 1997

Richard Cavendish describes the launch of the Second Crusade on May 19th, 1147.

Volume: 47 Issue: 5 1997
Volume: 47 Issue: 5 1997

Nigel Saul sets the scene for our major new series on the crusades of the eleventh century.

Volume: 47 Issue: 3 1997

What did medieval contemporaries think of military orders such as the Knights Hospitaller and Teutonic Knights? Helen Nicholson investigates.

Volume: 44 Issue: 12 1994

Jonathon Riley-Smith explores the historiography of the Crusades.

Volume: 32 Issue: 4 1982

Towards the end of the twelfth century, writes Jim Bradbury, Greek Fire, which the Byzantines had long used, was first employed in Western Europe.

Volume: 29 Issue: 5 1979

Nicolas Cheetham describes how the Fourth Crusaders captured Byzantium in 1204 and French noblemen created feudal principalities in Southern Greece.

Volume: 27 Issue: 3 1977

John Godfrey describes how the capture of Constantinople in 1204 was an unexpected result of the Crusading movement.

Volume: 26 Issue: 1 1976

Nora C. Buckley explains how, during the fifteenth century, Chinese seafarers were active in Indian and African trade.

Volume: 25 Issue: 7 1975

Anthony Bryer takes a visit to Nicaea; The seat of early Church Councils and, for a while, of the Byzantine Emperors, it has a history stretching from the reign of Alexander the Great to the present day.

Volume: 21 Issue: 1 1971

Desmond Seward describes an outstanding colonial achievement of the Middle Ages.

Volume: 20 Issue: 12 1970

A.D. Lacy describes how, under the leadership of Pierre d’Aubusson, the Knights Hospitallers at Rhodes withstood a ferocious attack by the Turks.

Volume: 18 Issue: 5 1968

On August 19th, 1071, writes Jasper Streater, a Byzantine army was defeated by the Seljuk Turks, and Anatolia was forever lost to Christendom.

Volume: 17 Issue: 4 1967

Robin Fedden pays a historical visit to the monumental Frankish fortress, symbol of Christian dominance in the Holy Land for over a century.

Volume: 2 Issue: 2 1952

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