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Byzantine Empire

Empire of western Asia and southeastern Europe, named for Byzantium, the Greek name of its capital Constantinople. Formed from the eastern Roman empire and lasting until the 15th century, it... read more

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Michael Antonucci discerns Byzantine origins in today's international power politics.

Liz James celebrates the Eastern Empire’s artistic heritage and its pivotal role in shaping Europe and the Islamic world of the Middle Ages.

Volume: 64 Issue: 3 2014

Christian Byzantium and the Muslim Abbasid caliphate were bitter rivals. Yet the necessities of trade and a mutual admiration of ancient Greece meant that there was far more to their relationship than war, as Jonathan Harris explains.

Volume: 63 Issue: 2 2013

The Byzantine ruler claimed his throne on August 16th, 963.

Volume: 63 Issue: 8 2013

The popular image of crusading is derived almost entirely from western accounts of the victorious First Crusade. Yet when historians examine Byzantine sources about the campaign a very different picture emerges, argues Peter Frankopan.

Volume: 62 Issue: 9 2012

The quest for spiritual virtue through personal austerity drove many Eastern Christians to lead solitary lives as hermits surviving in the wilderness. Andrew Jotischky describes how indifference to food became an integral part of the monastic ideal in the Byzantine era, one revived in the West in the 11th and 12th centuries.

Volume: 61 Issue: 4 2011

The building of Istanbul’s new underground railway has uncovered thousands of years of history, including the first complete Byzantine naval craft ever found. Pinar Sevinclidir investigates.

Volume: 59 Issue: 7 2009

Dionysios Stathakopoulos surveys the history of the Byzantine Empire from its foundation in 324 to its conquest in 1453.

Volume: 58 Issue: 11 2008

Marius Ostrowski explains why the Church was so dominant in the Middle ages, but also sees traces of a growing secularism.


Jonathan Phillips sees one of the most notorious events in European history as a typical ‘clash of cultures’.

Volume: 54 Issue: 5 2004

Richard Cavendish describes the Battle of Civitate, fought by the Normans and a papal coalition on June 18th, 1053.

Volume: 53 Issue: 6 2003

Judith Herrin tells the dramatic story of the final moments of Byzantine control of the imperial capital.

Volume: 53 Issue: 6 2003

Anthony Bryer considers the life and work of this great historian, who died in November 2000.

Volume: 51 Issue: 5 2001

Archaeologists in Turkey believe they could have unearthed some of the remains of the Great Palace of the Byzantine Empire which ruled much of the known world for nearly a thousand years from the heart of Constantinople.

Volume: 49 Issue: 1 1998
Penny Young details the archaeological work being carried out to save an early Christian church on the Black Sea coast.
Volume: 47 Issue: 2 1997

Archaeological wonders in the Mediterranean

Volume: 45 Issue: 3 1995

Nicholas Soteri reflects on the early religious controversies of Eastern Europe, focusing in particular on an often overlooked kingdom, the Khazar..

Volume: 45 Issue: 4 1995

Michael Antonucci discerns Byzantine origins in today's international power politics.

Volume: 43 Issue: 2 1993

Alexander Kazhdan considers the influence of totalitarianism and meritocracy in the Byzantine empire – and its relationship to the growth of the Russian and other successor states in the East.

Volume: 39 Issue: 9 1989

Judith Herrin considers the Jekyll-and-Hyde output of Justinian's court historian, alternately respectful official chronicler and tabloid-style exposer of imperial scandal.

Volume: 38 Issue: 8 1988

'A people's prospects are affected by its image of its past' - Arnold Toynbee presents an exclusive extract from his book on the Greek sense of the past, The Greeks and Their Heritages.

Volume: 31 Issue: 11 1981

Towards the end of the twelfth century, writes Jim Bradbury, Greek Fire, which the Byzantines had long used, was first employed in Western Europe.

Volume: 29 Issue: 5 1979

Neil Ritchie traces the career of a Norman Crusader in Italy, in Syria and in wars with the Byzantine Emperor.

Volume: 28 Issue: 5 1978

Michael E. Martin recounts how Normans from Italy invaded the Byzantine Empire and Robert Guiscard sought to inherit the Imperial Crown.

Volume: 27 Issue: 4 1977

The Renaissance in Italy, writes Alan Haynes, was enhanced by the arrival of scholars from Byzantium towards the end of the fourteenth century.

Volume: 27 Issue: 5 1977

Nicolas Cheetham describes how the Fourth Crusaders captured Byzantium in 1204 and French noblemen created feudal principalities in Southern Greece.

Volume: 27 Issue: 3 1977

Charles Johnston describes how, in the fourth century A.D., the Roman Empire was near its end, but its sophisticated life found a lucid recorder in Ammianus of Antioch. 

Volume: 25 Issue: 5 1975

Jan Read describes Al-Mansur, the honorific name for the leader who restored Moorish power in Spain during the late tenth century.

Volume: 25 Issue: 1 1975

Michael Grant describes how, after the death of Alexander the Great, the classical world was divided into a system of contending super-states of which our twentieth century world is the heir.

Volume: 24 Issue: 3 1974

Alan Haynes describes how, menaced by the Turks, the Emperor Manuel sought western help on his visits to Italy, France and England.

Volume: 24 Issue: 12 1974

Constance Head describes how, in the tenth century, a scholarly young man and an ambitious admiral presided over the large Byzantine empire.

Volume: 22 Issue: 9 1972

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