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Philip Mansel explores the City of the Sultans from 1453 onwards, and finds it characterised by a vibrant multi-culturalism until the Ottoman demise of 1922.

The decline of language skills threatens the study of the past. And machines won’t come to the rescue.

Volume: 64 Issue: 9 2014

Findings at a desert site in eastern Syria shed light on pagan, Jewish and early Christian religions.

Volume: 64 Issue: 7 2014

In the early days of the First World War a plan was hatched in Berlin to spread revolt among the Muslim populations of the Entente empires. David Motadel looks at the reasons why it failed.

Volume: 64 Issue: 9 2014

Martin Evans offers a frank reassessment of his article on 30 years of Algerian independence, published in History Today in 1992.

Volume: 63 Issue: 3 2013

Christian Byzantium and the Muslim Abbasid caliphate were bitter rivals. Yet the necessities of trade and a mutual admiration of ancient Greece meant that there was far more to their relationship than war, as Jonathan Harris explains.

Volume: 63 Issue: 2 2013

Abu Raihan al-Biruni, an Islamic scholar from Central Asia, may have discovered the New World centuries before Columbus – without leaving his study – as S. Frederick Starr explains.

Volume: 63 Issue: 12 2013

The ‘little town’ celebrated by western Christians as the location of the Nativity, is much more than a stylised depiction evoked in Christmas cards each December. Instead, it is a place with a complex history, characterised by its unique links with the wider world, says Jacob Norris. 

Volume: 63 Issue: 12 2013

The Jews of Algeria had lived side by side with Muslims for centuries, but the struggle for Algerian independence presented them with stark choices, as Martin Evans explains.

Volume: 62 Issue: 7 2012

The same spotlight of historical enquiry that scholars have long been shedding on the biblical past is now starting to illumine the origins of Islam, as Tom Holland explains.

Volume: 62 Issue: 5 2012

Fundamentalism has become the face of Islam in the West. It was not always so and need not be in the future, says Tim Stanley.

Volume: 62 Issue: 2 2012

During the seventh century the Arabs invaded North Africa three times, bringing not just a new religion but a language and customs that were alien to the native Berber tribes of the Sahara and Mediterranean hinterland. Eamonn Gearon looks at the rise of the first Islamic empire.

Volume: 61 Issue: 6 2011

Richard Cavendish remembers the assassination of Caliph Ali, on January 24th, 661.

Volume: 61 Issue: 1 2011

Since its discovery in Yemen in 1972 a collection of brittle documents, believed to be among the earliest Koranic texts, has been the subject of fierce and divisive debate among scholars of Islamic history, as Scott MacMillan reports.

Volume: 61 Issue: 4 2011

A solution to the turmoil in the Middle East seems as far away as ever. But, says Martin Gilbert, past relations between Muslims and Jews have often been harmonious and can be so again.

Volume: 60 Issue: 8 2010

Edna Fernandes visits a madrassa in northern India founded in the wake of the Indian Mutiny. One of the first Islamic fundamentalist schools, its influence has spread into Pakistan and Afghanistan, among the Taliban and followers of Osama bin Laden.

Volume: 59 Issue: 2 2009

Christopher J. Walker asks whether the two religions that frequently appear locked in an inevitable clash of civilizations in fact share more than has often been thought.

Volume: 57 Issue: 3 2007

Clive Foss introduces the Kharijites, a radical sect from the first century of Islam based in southern Iraq and Iran, who adopted an extreme interpretation of the Koran, ruthless tactics and opposed hereditary political leadership. After causing centuries of problems to the caliphate, they survive in a quietist form in East Africa and Oman.

Volume: 57 Issue: 12 2007

Francis Robinson looks for the distinctively tolerant and worldly features of Mughal rule in India and that of the related Islamic dynasties of Iran and Central Asia.

Volume: 57 Issue: 6 2007

While Hezbollah again hit the headlines during the summer, its historical roots are less familiar. Andrew Arsan traces the political emergence of the Shi’a community in Lebanon.

Volume: 56 Issue: 12 2006

Diplomat and traveller Hugh Leach draws on his experience of working with Arab tribes to examine T.E. Lawrence’s strategy in the Arab revolt, in anticipation of a new exhibition at the Imperial War Museum.

Volume: 55 Issue: 10 2005

Robert Johnson puts the decline of a once-great Empire into an international context.

Issue: 52 2005

Umej Bhatia discusses Muslim memories of the Crusades and their resonances in Middle Eastern politics today.

Volume: 55 Issue: 5 2005

Hugh Kennedy examines the life of one of the most powerful men in the world in the eighth century.

Volume: 54 Issue: 9 2004

Richard Fletcher asks to what extent medieval Christians and Muslims sought to move beyond mutual hostility.

Volume: 53 Issue: 4 2003

Philip Mansel explores the City of the Sultans from 1453 onwards, and finds it characterised by a vibrant multi-culturalism until the Ottoman demise of 1922.

Volume: 53 Issue: 6 2003

Corinne Atkins examines the events in Iraq in the 7th century AD, which precipitated the first and only great division of Islam, the ramifications of which are seen today in Iraq and more widely.

Volume: 53 Issue: 11 2003

Roger Boase looks at a Spanish example of religious and ethnic cleansing.

Volume: 52 Issue: 4 2002

Akhbar Ahmed argues that the rise of Muslim fundamentalists means that Islamic leaders face a choice between moderation or militancy.

Volume: 49 Issue: 6 1999

Barber examines the medieval Christian view of Muslims and Islam. Casting Islam and Muslims as the enemy was crucial in the Crusades, and the context of conflict has colored Christian-Islamic relations since.

Volume: 47 Issue: 5 1997

Robert Irwin on how Islam saw the Christian invaders.

Volume: 47 Issue: 4 1997

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