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The events that led to a permanent schism in the Western Christian church. The protest of Martin Luther in 1517 struck a chord with many who felt that the church had become worldly and needed... read more

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Michael Mullett defines the Theses' role in the Lutheran Reformation.

The study of the religious upheavals that took place in England during the 16th and 17th centuries has proved one of the most provocative areas of recent scholarship. Alec Ryrie looks at some of the key works of recent years.

Volume: 63 Issue: 6 2013

Michael Mullett shows that key Protestant reformers were influenced by Erasmus's Christian Humanism, as well as by Luther's theology.

Issue: 71 2011

Patrick Williams reveals the courage of Henry VIII's Spanish wife.

Issue: 69 2011

Richard Wilkinson elucidates the paradoxical career of one of the key figures of English Protestantism.

Issue: 68 2010

Lucy Wooding introduces a highly significant, but often much misunderstood, cultural force.

Issue: 64 2009

Simon Lemieux examines examples of German Protestant propaganda.

Issue: 65 2009

R. E. Foster puts the dissolution of the monasteries into historical context.

Issue: 61 2008

Michael Mullett introduces the life and work of a remarkable Protestant leader.

Issue: 60 2008

Kenneth Fincham and Nicholas Tyacke look at the ways ordinary people responded to  religious changes within their places of worship from the Reformation to the Restoration.

Volume: 58 Issue 6 2008

Derek Wilson looks at the great religious reformer and asks why his life and work have seemed so ­significant to so many diverse people for almost 500 years.

Volume: 57 Issue: 5 2007

Will Saunders asks whether one of the ‘villains’ of the English Reformation deserves his reputation.

Issue: 57 2007

Paul Doolan visits a new museum in Geneva that presents the history of Reformed Christianity and Calvinism as a key and positive factor in European history.

Volume: 55 Issue: 8 2005

Pauline Croft explains the origins of Bonfire Night by reconstructing events 400 years ago.

Issue: 52 2005

John Matusiak explains how to tackle typical questions successfully.

Issue: 49 2004
David Gaimster explains how the English Reformation is emerging as a key area of interest in British archaeology, and how the discipline sheds a unique light on the cultural changes of the period.
Volume: 54 Issue: 5 2004

Michael Mullett defines the Theses' role in the Lutheran Reformation.

Issue: 46 2003

Russel Tarr considers key issues from the life of the famous Cardinal.

Issue: 45 2003

Graham Noble illustrates Luther's anti-Jewish views and distinguishes them from those of the Nazis.

Issue: 42 2002

Graham Noble investigates the causes of the rise and fall of French Protestantism.

Issue: 43 2002

Michael Mullett shows how the reform of the Catholic Church in sixteenth-century Europe sprang from medieval origins but that, in important ways, it was affected by the Protestant Reformation.

Issue: 38 2000

The radical Italian thinker was burned at the stake on February 17th, 1600.

Volume: 50 Issue: 2 2000
Andrew Pettegree re-reads Geoffrey Elton’s classic text and considers how the subject has developed in nearly four decades since it was written.
Volume: 49 Issue: 12 1999

Michael A. Mullett reveals that Loyola underwent several forms of education himself before setting the Jesuits on their educational mission.

Issue: 35 1999
Andrew Pettegree charts Hans Holbein’s path from Germany to England and points to the ironies of his reputation as a great Protestant painter.
Volume: 48 Issue: 2 1998

Claire Cross shows how the experiences of English Protestant exiles on the Continent, and Continental exiles in England, affected Protestantism in the Sixteenth Century.

Issue: 32 1998

Richard Rex argues that the main inspiration for the king's pick-and-mix religion was neither Protestant nor Catholic but Hebraic.

Issue: 29 1997

Michael Mullett looks at the contradictory attitudes and mixed achievements of a courageous reformer.

Issue: 28 1997

Diarmaid MacCulloch reflects on the 'after-life' of Henry VIII's archbishop, burnt at the stake as a Protestant martyr under Mary. 

Volume: 46 Issue: 6 1996

Tim Thornton explains how a complex legal case casts light on centralised royal power in Tudor England and its limitations.

Volume: 45 Issue: 8 1995

The ambiguous nature of the Reformation settlement in England has often taxed historians. Diarmaid MacCulloch casts a critical eye over the evidence for a 16th-century half-way house between Catholic and Protestant.

Volume: 41 Issue: 7 1991

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