University of Chichester: Study History and Politics.

Jacob Middleton

Suburban ghosts have been a problem for city dwellers since the dawn of industrialisation. The term is an oxymoron; ghosts were always expected to...

Jacob Middleton finds that, far from being a relic of a cruel Victorian past, corporal punishment became more frequent and institutionalised in 20th-century England.

The Victorian era was an anxious age. The men and women of the time feared the effects of industrialisation and urbanisation. They shuddered at...

A series of violent attacks by pale shrouded figures on lone pedestrians, especially women, was widely reported in the early 19th century. Jacob Middleton uncovers the sham ghosts of Georgian London.

Jacob Middleton investigates the eccentric set of prejudices against shaving that led our Victorian forefathers to adorn their chins with a lush growth of facial hair.