Who's Who

Fascism

  •  Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian modernist author of the Futurist Manifesto (1908) and later the co-author of the Fascist Manifesto (1919)
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By Elizabeth Wiskemann

There were repulsive sides to Fascist Italy; but Mussolini’s movement sprang from deeply patriotic sources, writes Elizabeth Wiskemann, and endured for two decades.

All the Nazi leaders had a talent for self-dramatization. None, writes Robert Koehl, was more enamoured of the role he had chosen than Heinrich Himmler.

Richard Storry describes how the Army Mutiny of February 1936 was the climax of revolutionary nationalism in Japan. Its outcome meant action against China, and in the end led to Pearl Harbour

Elizabeth Wiskemann describes how Hitler ruthlessly consolidated his power in Germany by the slaughter of some of his closest former colleagues.

David Mitchell introduces the Italian Romantic poet who played a brief part upon the European political stage.

On both sides, writes David Mitchell, during three years of conflict, political passions ran high.

A man of obsessions, a passionate racialist with a romantic belief in the virtues of the “sturdy peasant farmer”. Paul M. Hayes writes that Quisling ruled war-time Norway as a devoted pupil of the Nazi government.

Geoffrey Warner describes a politically polarising event which would later influence the formation of French fascism and the Vichy state.

Chris Millington examines a period of bitter political division in France, dating from the 1930s and coinciding with the Nazi Occupation, which raises questions about the nature and roots of French fascism.

Michael D. Biddiss describes one of the chief originators of the pernicious racist doctrines that have played so malevolent a part in the history of modern Germany. Gobineau was a French historian whom a nineteenth-century German professor once described as a ‘God-inspired hero’.

The issues raised by Philip Morgan in a 2007 article on Italian Fascism have been rekindled, says Christopher Duggan.

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