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Roman Empire

Editor's choice
By Keith Hopkins

Gladiatorial shows turned war into a game, preserved an atmosphere of violence in time of peace, and functioned as a political theatre which allowed confrontation between rulers and ruled.

The North African country is considering how best to serve its rich heritage.

T.P. Wiseman looks at how Roman republican ideals and the struggle between optimates and populares shaped the lives and legacies of the Roman imperator, Augustus, and his designated successor, Tiberius.

The city burned on July 18th, AD 64.

Raoul McLaughlin talks about Rome’s desire for an African empire, a fierce struggle for trade, land and the search for the source of the Nile.

The River Nile and a thirst for commerce and land led the armies of Rome deep into Africa. Raoul McLaughlin investigates.

A vivid, colourful evocation of the city in AD 315.

R.W. Davies describes the life of the other ranks in the Roman armed services, as recorded in surviving letters.

James Romm tells the story of Agrippina the Younger, mother, sister, wife and lover and part of the Roman elite, who sought to escape the restrictions imposed on her sex.

One important reason why human cultures have horrified one another throughout history is that each defines religious pollution differently. The...

Christopher Smith revels in reappraisals of both Augustus 2,000 years after his death and of Cleopatra, the so-nearly queen of Rome.

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