Manchester Metropolitan University

American Revolution

A tax on Britain's American colonies was introduced on March 22nd, 1765.

America was always newsworthy in the eighteenth century, but, writes Wallace Brown, the emphasis was on exotic items, heroic or villainous.

Before and after his surrender at Saratoga, writes Aram Bakshian Jr., Burgoyne had a lively career as a commander in Europe, a politician and dramatist in London, and a figure on the social scene.

Richard K. MacMaster examines the 'crack in the Liberty Bell'.

Soldiers from Britain, France, Germany and Poland contributed to the success of American arms during the Revolutionary War, writes Aram Bakshian Jr.

Liston and his wife enjoyed their years in America and, writes Esmond Wright, considered themselves “well employed in the work of conciliation.”

On November 11th, 1791, George Hammond, the first British Minister to the United States, presented his credentials to George Washington. Despite favourable auguries, writes Leslie Reade, his was to prove “a stormy and frustrating mission.”

Arnold Whitridge explains how a group of instinctively conservative, wealthy gentlemen led the American people to an unlikely victory in war and a miraculous nationhood.

The exile of the Loyalists, writes Wallace Brown, represented the removal of the crust of increasing aristocratic pretensions that was forming on Colonial society.

On April 19th, 1775, the fatal clash took place, on the Common of a small Massachusetts town, between British troops and local militia. From this village battle the American War of Independence took its start. John A. Barton queries whether the clash was deliberately organized by “Patriot” leaders in order to provoke an incident, after which there could be no retreat?



June issue

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