Roman Empire

Jerusalem Burning

When Roman forces burned the Temple in Jerusalem in AD 70, the Flavian dynasty thought it had defeated the Jewish god in the name of Jupiter. It was mistaken. 

The Battle of Cannae

An unprecedented force of 86,000 men fought against Hannibal’s Carthaginian army on 2 August 216 BC.

Springs Eternal

The image of Roman Bath was the creation of 18th- and 19th-century archaeologists. Only now are new perspectives revealing a more complex and accurate history of the city. 

The Goths Take Rome

The distinction between centre and periphery was vital to the Roman Empire’s conception of itself. For centuries a rugged frontier, the land north of the Danube would produce one of Rome’s greatest foes.

Nero Versus the Christians

Was Nero the Antichrist? The bestial image of the Roman emperor persists in popular culture, but the truth is more complex.

Fallen Idols

In the ancient world, statues were not symbols of virtue and could take revenge on those who attacked them.

Pandemics: Now and Then

As human populations expand and their exploitation of the globe increases, so does their vulnerability to certain diseases.