The first German constitution was ratified in April 1871. Designed by Otto von Bismarck to preserve the old regime, it would eventually help bring about its downfall.
In January 1871 Bismarck declared the German nation united. Following a tragic 20th century, Germany reunified once more in 1990. Four historians offer their perspectives on both events.
The fall of the Berlin Wall was as much about beginnings as it was about endings. Out of the rubble came a new hope: techno music.
The East German Uprising of 1953 was the first major revolt to take place in the Soviet Bloc.
How did Germany’s postwar politicians deal with the legacy of Nazism and defeat?
Though fast-faced and refreshingly different, this short study of Germany is more political manifesto than historical analysis.
As Holocaust survivors die, new approaches are required to tell their history, as shown in this unsentimental, emphatic account of the inhabitants of a Berlin street.
In the interwar period, France and Germany worked towards an integrated Europe.
Looking beyond the usual rogues’ gallery of historical figures can help us to better understand the past.
The popularity of Goethe’s novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther, was blamed for a spate of suicides. It set a trend for manufactured outrage that is with us still.