Volume 37 Issue 1 January 1987

Hidalgo and Pechero in Castile

The deep conservatism of Castilian life militated against the attempts of reformers to regenerate the kingdom through transformed social values.

Black Families in the American Civil War

The newly-found voices of the slaves caught up in the American Civil War, and heard through letters to their families, are a testimony to their tenacity and unity in the struggle for emancipation.

The Treason of Saint-Pol, 1474-75

The hubris of Louis XI's Constable produced his nemesis against a background of incipient French nationalism and a growing royal sense of 'majesty'.