Volume 36 Issue 9 September 1986


Philip Mansel looks at the commemorations surrounding the 250th anniversary of the death of a Habsburg monarch.

Regulars Versus Rebels

Bruce Collins assesses various wars of national liberation and role of guerrillas throughout the world.

On Crime & Punishment

'They do this for their Christian faith and for the saving of souls' – as Russians travelled west, they began to notice moral divides between the countries they visited and their own society.

European Images of Muscovy

A slave-state where despotic superstition ruled - Herberstein's vision of sixteenth-century Russia set the agenda for future European attitudes.

The West Comes to Russian Architecture

Early Russian architects adopted and adapted foreign influences to suit their native styles, but the late seventeenth century saw this trend reversed and western movements came to dominate native architecture.

Halley and Post-Restoration Science

Not just 'the Comet man' - Halley's achievements as a polymath testify to the breadth and vigour of English scientific enquiry and experiment in the years after 1660.