Stephen Williams

Stephen Williams and Gerard Friell analyse why Constantinople survived the barbarian onslaughts in the fifth century, whereas Rome fell.

Were the 'barbarians' who shored up Rome's armies and frontiers the empire's salvation or doom?

Corruption and the Decline of Rome Ramsay MacMullen - Yale University Press, 1988 – 281pp To Roman moralists the empire was always in decline, ever...

Stephen Williams investigates the excavations at Leadenhall Court of the surviving portion of Roman London’s Forum- Basilica.