F.G. Stapleton

F.G. Stapleton introduces the ‘weather vane ideology’.

F.G. Stapleton highlights the key role played by the Italian King in the Rise of Mussolini.

F.G. Stapleton seeks to understand why the Pontiff of 1939-58 has been called ‘Hitler’s Pope’.

F.G. Stapleton examines the role played by the armed forces in the government of the Second Reich.

F.G. Stapleton examines the momentous social and political consequences of Germany's spectacular economic growth.

F.G. Stapleton defends the record of Italian governments from 1861 to 1914.