Turning chaotic havens of ‘sloth and debauchery’ into systemised institutions of ‘pain and terror’, Victorian ‘model’ prisons were anything but.
Marrying the sister of a deceased wife was illegal in Victorian England.
Many assumptions and values separate us from the Victorians, but belief in the supernatural is not one of them, argues Simone Natale.
Roger Hudson details the rebuilding of the world’s first theme park in south London in 1853.
Carroll’s perceived paedophilia seems to have little scholarly evidence.
Although unmentioned in modern reference books and works of economic history, Thornton was one of the greatest commercial figures of the day and, writes W.G. Hoskins, when he died, left “by far the largest fortune of the century to that date.”
Robert Rhodes James profiles the man rivalled only by Gladstone as the most able politician and Parliamentarian of his time.
Robert E. Zegger describes the alarming dip in Anglo-French relations, half way through the reign of Napoleon III.
A secret ballot at general elections had been a reformers’ demand since the seventeenth century. It was achieved two hundred years later, writes Robert Woodall, after much experience of bribery.