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Second World War

George Marshall defends his European Recovery Programme before the Senate.

Britain received more Marshall aid than Germany, but spent much of it propping up a delusion. 

As the Battle of Britain raged overhead, the nation’s women were urged to salvage metal for the war effort. But was it just propaganda?

In the POW camps of the Second World War, soldiers found release – from the conditions and from the all-male company – in female impersonation.

Oral history breathes fresh life into a deadly battle of the Second World War.

President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill attend a Sunday service on the quarterdeck of HMS Prince of Wales during the Atlantic conference,  10 August 1941.

The sinking by Japanese aircraft of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse in December 1941 and the subsequent loss of Singapore was a grievous blow to British morale. But have historians misunderstood what really happened? 

Adolf Hitler, accompanied by Admiral Horthy, the regent of Hungary, welcomed by crowds, Heligoland, August 1938.

A small island in the North Sea became the site of explosive Anglo-German encounters.

Japanese internment camp in Manzanar, California, July 1942. ©  Getty Images

The decree that led to the internment of Japanese-Americans was passed on 19 February 1942.

The Villa Feltrinelli. Copyright Anna Reinert

Salò was Mussolini’s German-backed experiment in ‘real Fascism’ and fine living. Italians find it hard to come to terms with its legacy.

A Japanese merchant ship is torpedoed and sunk by a US submarine, November 18th, 1943.

An island nation with few resources, Japan was in a precarious enough position when it declared war on the United States in December 1941. That its powerful navy failed to learn the lessons of previous conflicts made matters even worse, as Malcolm Murfett explains.