Roman Empire

'Finding of the Sibylline Books and the Tomb of Numa Pompilius', workshop  of Giulio Romano with Polidoro Caldara da Caravaggio, c.1524-25 © Bibliotheca Hertziana, Max-Planck-Institut für Kunstgeschichte, Rome

Antiquities were high stakes and high profit in 16th-century Rome, and no one was above breaking the law for loot.

‘Oh, my fur and whiskers!’:  a hare or rabbit mosaic, from the House of Dionysus, Cyprus, third century AD © Bridgeman Images

Not content with bringing aqueducts, sanitation and roads, the Romans transformed Britain’s flora and fauna.

The Death of Caesar, by Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1867 © akg-images

A vivid portrait of one of history’s most momentous conspiracies.

Pliny the Younger, 19th-century engraving.

What was it like for a Roman to encounter a Christian for the first time? As the Empire reached its greatest extent, Pliny the Younger found himself face-to-face with members of the new religious group.

The struggle for control of the straits dividing Sicily from southern Italy brought the two great empires of the Mediterranean, Carthage and Rome, head to head. It was a world in which ruthless mercenaries prospered.

Sculpture of Agrippina crowning her young son Nero (c. 54–59 AD)

On the women who made imperial Rome.

Raised-relief image of Minerva on a Roman gilt silver bowl, first century BC.

A study of cultish rituals in Roman Britain reveals a cross-fertilisation of religions.

The death of Brutus following the Battle of Philippi, 19th-century engraving.

A meticulously researched, beautifully written biography of Julius Caesar’s high-minded assassin.

Bust of Marcus Tullius Cicero, first century AD

The man who conspired to kill Julius Caesar was not quite the friend to Romans and countrymen that his legendary status suggests. 

Henri Pirenne transformed the way historians think about the end of the Classical world and the beginning of the Middle Ages.