Interwar period

As a minister in the German cabinets of 1921-2, writes David Felix, Rathenau faced formidable problems of post-war reconstruction.

The problems of the interwar mining industry, which led to a General Strike in 1926, writes W.H. Chaloner, epitomized the struggle between capital and labour in twentieth-century Britain.

During the winter of 1935-6, writes Patricia Wright, Italian armies overran Ethiopia and annexed the Empire to the Italian Crown.

The mining dispute of 1921, writes Patrick Renshaw, was one of the most serious industrial conflicts that Britain has faced.

Gaston Doumergue, president of the Third Republic from 1924 to 1931, would wake at 5 am, throw himself into a vigorous regime of physical culture...

David Mitchell introduces the Italian Romantic poet who played a brief part upon the European political stage.

In deciding on the Reoccupation of the Rhineland, writes D.C. Watt, Hitler said that he went forward “with the assurance of a sleepwalker...” His practical calculations proved to be “entirely justified.”

F.L. Carsten asks whether Germany has learned the lessons of 1918-1933.

The problems of the mining industry, which led to a General Strike in 1926, writes W.H. Chaloner, epitomised the struggle between capital and labour in twentieth century Britain.

The Field Marshal who had led his country to independence in 1918, writes Oliver Warner, was called upon twice to defend his own creation during the Second World War.