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Middle East

View of Ancient Babylon, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, 1721.

The two rivers where civilisation began.

The slave-warriors of medieval Islam overthrew their masters, defeated the Mongols and the Crusaders and established a dynasty that lasted 300 years.

From Arabia Deserta to Black Gold. 

President Bill Clinton watches Yitzhak Rabin and Yasser Arafat shake hands in the garden of the White House, 13 September 1993.

The assassination of Yitzhak Rabin robbed Israel of a rare politician able to make peace with the Palestinians. 

General Sir John Maxwell, commander of Egyptian troops, motoring through one of the camps, 1915.

Steering clear of Orientalist fantasy and patriotic British myth, this innovative analysis brings clarity to the complexities of the Middle East in the early 20th century.

The Byzantine Empire and the 'Romania' of the Peloponnese, c.1250

Shakespeare’s approach to history and geography is often regarded as something of a joke. But his skill was in reconstructing the medieval Mediterranean for audiences whose horizons were being expanded.

The history of Britain’s foreign policy in the Middle East is largely a litany of failure, of self-inflicted wounds that are still felt today. Peter Mangold considers what British diplomats and politicians have failed to learn.

Betrayed by the British: King Feisal of Iraq on a visit to to London, November 1927.

The defeat of ISIS can only be achieved if we take a long view and question the Jihadists’ simplistic interpretation of the West’s troubled relationship with the Middle East.    

Still standing: the pillars of Sirwah’s temple.

The current conflict in southern Arabia is threatening one of the most remarkable sites of the region’s pre-Islamic civilisations.

The explorer died on October 20th 1890.