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France

Portrait of Toussaint Louverture, chromolithograph by George DeBaptiste, c.1870 © Getty Images.

The hero of the Haitian Revolution’s lonely death in a French prison cell was not an unfortunate tragedy but a cruel story of deliberate destruction.

Combat of the Thirty. Miniature from the Chronicles of the History of the Bretons (1480), de Pierre Le Baud. Wiki Commons.

A chivalric form of planned battle took place on 26 March 1351.

Antisemitic riots in Algiers, 1898-99 © Bridgeman Images.

Since the late 19th century, French politics has provided a testing ground for right-wing populism.

Marie-Antoinette, by Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, 1783 © Bridgeman Images.

Going beyond the clichés to reveal Marie-Antoinette as a political operator with real influence.

Interior view of Coucy, 1890 © Roger-Viollet/Getty Images

The changing fates of one of France’s grandest castles are a microcosm for its history.

Louis XIV after Charles Le Brun,17th century © Bridgeman Images

An alliance between Louis XIV and a Transylvanian prince was just one aspect of the Sun King’s ambition to dominate Europe.

The sound of silence: ‘Notre-Dame de Paris’, by Alfred Latour, from Modern Woodcuts and Lithographs by British and French Artists,  by Geoffrey Holme, 1919 © Getty Images

The devastating fire at Notre-Dame destroyed more than just bricks.

The "Bal des ardents" from Froissart's Chroniques, British Library Harley MS 4380, c.1800 Aquatint by J. Harris after J. Froissart. Wellcome Collection.

On 28 January 1393 a party at the French royal residence ended in tragedy.

Stock in trade: an advertisement for pot-au-feu beef cubes, illustration by Severo Pozzati (Sepo), 1957.

The story of the ‘mythical centre’ of French cuisine reflects the triumphs and tribulations of its people. 

General de Gaulle on 18 June 1940 in the recording studio of the BBC at Broadcasting House, London.

From de Gaulle’s call to arms against Vichy France to Liberation four years later.