Eastern Europe

Václav Havel addresses a pro-democracy rally in Wenceslas Square, Prague, 12 December 1989 © Sovfoto/UIG/Getty Images.

What took ten years in Poland took ten days in Czechoslovakia. But, as some Czechs would discover, not all revolutions are equal.

German soldiers look out over Riga’s old town from the tower of St Peter’s Church, 1917 © Bridgeman Images

Events in the Baltic States at the end of the First World War had serious long-term consequences.

In November 1918, writes Elizabeth Wiskemann, the first Czechoslovak Republic was founded.

Murder of Wenceslas by his brother Boleslaw, 10th century. Wiki Commons.

Cecil Parrott describes how the elderly monarch from a Christmas carol was based on the character of a young and vigorous sovereign, assassinated on his birthday by his own brother.

Joanna Richardson describes how, during the 1830s, the world of Bohemia offered a warm and fruitful climate to artists and writers.

Mór Than's painting The Feast of Attila, based on a fragment of Priscus

Michael Grant tells how, some 1000 years ago, the “Scourge of God” died on his wedding night.

Terence O’Brien recounts how some women served with their husbands in the Crimean War as cooks, laundresses and nurses to the Regiment.

Between the years 1300 and 600 B.C. the virile kingdom of Ararat rose to be a large empire, which long held the Assyrians at bay.

An orchestral performance in June 1939 demonstrates why the Czech Republic has a moral standing that few other nations possess, says Paul Lay.

Paul Lay pays tribute to the playwright, dissident and former Czech president, who has died aged 75.