New College of the Humanities

Volume 45 Issue 11 November 1995

The British in the Americas, 1480-1815. Anthony McFarlane, Longman, 360pp. Anthony McFarlane casts his net widely to cover the colonisation by the British of not only the north American mainland but also the islands in the Caribbean and what is now the state of Guyana. Aiming at synthesising the findings of the most recent historical research, he wisely chooses a chronological approach, while simultaneously analysing the structure of American colonial society and the Anglo-American economy.

Italy's Futurists - led by Filippo Marinetti - exploded onto the European cultural scene during and after the Great War with all the garishness and fizz of some of their founder's anarchic recipes. But was the menu taken up by Mussolini and his Fascists? Richard Jensen investigates.

Painting, sculpture, photography, poster art, architecture, pageant - all were used by the totalitarian regimes in the 1930s. We review a selection of the images from the Hayward Gallery exhibition.

David Elliott looks at how Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler used culture to their own ends and how the ramifications of this has continued to the present.

Ann Hills on the campaign to save Lambley Railway Viaduct, South Tyne

Modris Eksteins on how the Hollywood treatment of Erich von Remarque's book describing the Great War 'from the other side' impacted on a Europe traumatised by slaughter and fearful of its future repetition.

Annette Bingham rediscovers Roman Crete

Antony Taylor finds the roots of Australian republicanism stretching back into the 19th century

New innovations in radiology have sparked public criticism as to its safety and cost-effectiveness. Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen's discovery of the X-ray in 1895 and its subsequent use in medicine sparked similar safety and health hazard concerns throughout its development.

Grigori Chukhrai talks about the political pressures surrounding his award-winning Second World War film

Did America's far right plot against Franklin Roosevelt and his New Deal - only to be foiled by a retired Marine Corps general? Clayton Cramer lifts the lid on an intriguing but little-known tale.