Volume 33 Issue 7 July 1983

Chris Cook continues our special feature on the Work Ethic.

Martin Stanton shows that to take a dip in the sea at Margate is to take part in a long historical process with cultural, sexual, medical, economic and social overtones.

The defeat of the Ottoman Army outside the gates of Vienna is usually regarded as the beginning of the decline of the Ottoman Empire. But Walter Leitsch asks: was it was such a turning point in the history of Europe?

What role did Simon Bolivar play in the history of Latin America's independence from Spain?

Paul Cartledge surveys the historiographical treatment of the ancient Greeks.

Douglas Johnson considers whether anecdotes are a mark of the self-indulgent historian.

Coffee from Ethiopia to Brazil, rubber from Brazil to Malaya... Lucile Brockway shows how the transfer of seeds and plants across continents has had enormous implications for the development of the economies of the countries concerned.

Anthony Sutcliffe considers the contribution which urban history has made to our understanding of the past – and its likely use in the future.

William Wilberforce died in July 1833. Since then his reputation as champion of the abolition of slavery, evangelical and politician has undergone a series of reassessments.

Roger Opie begins our special feature on the work ethic, including a bibliography by Patrick Joyce