Volume 32 Issue 11 November 1982

Was power really devolved to Scotland in 1660, asks John Patrick, when the restoration of Charles II led to the recreation of separate Scottish institutions?

Paul Preston looks at the historiography of the Spanish Civil War.

Norman Davies finds that Poland is a repository of ideas and values which can outlast any number of military and political catastrophies.

David Starkey looks at the early Tudor period.

Norman Davis explains how Poland's geography has been the villain of her history.

In 1940 India was vital to British interests, explains Robert Mason, but it was to prove a delicate political matter to find a suitable viceroy to look after those interests.

Robert Frost provides a brief overview of four key Polish characters.