Volume 31 Issue 10 October 1981

Nagasaki is often immediately associated with the American atomic attack on August 9th, 1945. However, it was also, for over two centuries, the only place in Japan open to foreigners. How were Europeans received there?

Irene Coltman Brown argues that Lord Acton foresaw that the course of modern nationalism, no longer subject to moral law, 'will be marked with material as well as moral ruin'.

John Vincent asks a key question of the Conservative politician.

A.A. Powell on a new exhibition and publication from the British Library.

The Shoguns’ castle in the Imperial City. 

W.G. Beasley continues our special feature on Japan: The Closed Country, with a look at the late 19th century Japanese diplomatic mission to the west.

Charles Mordaunt, Third Earl of Peterborough, 1658-1735, is probably best remembered as the captor of Barcelona in 1705. Aram Bakshian Jr. shows that, in addition to being a soldier, he was also 'a sailor, courtier, conspirator, diplomat, wit and rake'.

Neither the Greeks nor the Romans paid much attention to the achievements or customs of the peoples that they conquered. As Jenny Morris shows here, in the case of their Jewish subjects this indifference caused problems that had both religious and political repercussions.

John Robinson looks at the sorry state of a London monument

Richard Holmes continues our series with a look at the Problems of Military Biography.

Maggie Black continues her cultural history of food with a look at preserves.