Volume 3 Issue 3 March 1953

J.W.N. Watkins illustrates how the great individualist thinkers of the 17th century had a profound effect upon the development of modern Europe.

Nicholas Lane documents how the big branch banks of today have their origins largely in the numerous private banking partnerships, founded in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Member of Parliament, friend of Philip Sidney, local historian, and promoter of American colonization, Richard Carew was one of the important provincial figures of his age, as F.E. Halliday here describes.

The contemporary of Queen Elizabeth I, Ivan IV was the real founder of modern Russia, and, Jules Menken writes, the originator of the disciplinary system by means of which many Russian rulers since have held, their power.

The observations of Edmond Geraud, a schoolboy pursuing his studies in Paris-, throw fresh light on the stormiest years of the French Revolution.

Only the infirmity of purpose displayed by the key-figure at the top, John Wheeler-Bennett writes, prevented the revolt against Hitler, which had failed in Berlin, from being continued successfully from Paris