Volume 29 Issue 2 February 1979

As a means of national survival, write Diana Spearman and M. Naim Turfan, Atatürk preached the whole-hearted acceptance of contemporary civilization.

James I was a firm believer in Christian unity; Dorothy Boyd Rush describes his distrust of extremists, Catholic or Protestant.

During the campaign of 1815, writes Michael Glover, Wellington was handicapped by a shortage of military maps.

Our ancestors were deeply devoted to their dogs; Beatrice Johnston describes how a great French dog-lover declared that the greatest defect of the species was that they ‘lived not long enough’.

Arnold spent some thirty-five years as an inspector of schools, in Europe as well as in England. David Hopkinson describes how the Victorian poet hoped education would humanize pupils and weaken the prejudices of nation and class.

Clarendon’s great ‘History’ was composed largely in exile and published after his death. Hugh Trevor-Roper discusses how the historian had originally intended this great work to be private political advice to the King.

Larry Gragg describes how political divisions, public violence and an outbreak of yellow fever combined to overcast America's historic city.

Christopher Lloyd offers a portrait of the most notorious pirate of his day, John Ward; who helped introduce Barbary corsairs to the use of the well-armed, square-rigged ships of northern Europe with which they terrorised the Mediterranean.