Volume 22 Issue 10 October 1972

The Boers, writes R.F. Currey, made a paramount gain during the peace that followed the South African war.

Within a century, writes Sergius Yakobson, the Russians expanded over Asia from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean.

French expansion, writes Michael Langley, in North and West Africa during the nineteenth century was an impressive colonial achievement.

Donald J. Senese introduces General Koxinga; the legendary sixteenth century defender of the native Chinese Ming dynasty against the rule of the Manchus.

A. Compton Reeves describes the events of 1435, the year when the rule of the house of Lancaster began to decline in England as well as France.

Conrad Dixon describes how, in the service of the Dutch East India Company, Pelsaert of Antwerp was the first European to spend some time on shore.