Issue 26 December 1996

The '45

Presentation of the past as a seed-bed of modernity gives it bogus relevance to modern concerns. Two hundred and fifty years after the battle of Culloden Jeremy Black looks at a classic instance – the military challenge of the Jacobites.

What is Fascism?

In the second instalment of a two part article, Roger Eatwell chooses between rival definitions of a slippery word

The New Liberalism

Raphael Mokades - the winner of the 1996 Julia Wood Award - argues that military failure in the Boer War transformed political attitudes in Edwardian Britain.