The Partitions of Poland, Part II

In 1772 partition had been declared imperative as the only means of saving Poland from anarchy; twenty-one years later, she was punished with partition for having tried to set her house in order. Here was tragic mockery indeed, writes L.R. Lewitter.

In the period between the first and third partition, far-reaching changes took place in Poland. Within less than fifteen years, as a result of reforms instituted by private individuals and measures adopted by the government, the lot of the peasants improved considerably, causing a steady rise in the birth rate; agricultural production increased and the export trade flourished as never before.

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