National Gallery

Welsh flag cigarette card, 20th century.

‘The Welsh would be insuperable if only they were inseparable.’

Pulled Apart by the Great Powers, from ‘L’Assiette au Beurre’, 1903.

The North African country before and after Islam. 

Issue of The War Illustrated showing Gurkhas in action, 1914.

One of the world's poorest countries, for much of its history Nepal has been hidden from the world.

South Polar Chart, 1901.

First sighted in 1820, for much of human history Antarctica has been an abstract idea.

Uzbekistan, from Silk Road to Soviet Union.

From slavery, sugar and the worst of western colonialism to reggae and Rastafari.

Exploring the history of the Korean peninsula beyond the north-south divide.

From Arabia Deserta to Black Gold. 

Finland (an elk) being attacked by Russia (a pack of wolves), Wilhelm Schulz, Simplicissimus magazine, 1911. © Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris/Bridgeman Images.

Finland celebrates its centenary in December 2017, but the concept of Suur Suomi – ‘Greater Finland’ – has existed since at least the 18th century.

If Bolivia is so rich, why is it so poor?