National Gallery

Summit of Rigi-Kulm, Switzerland, c.1900.

The 1,200 square miles of mountains that make up the Alps have been both frontier and a venue for fun.

Fill-in-the-blank postcard, c.1940.

From the taming of the ‘Wild West’ to the lucrative wages of sin.

Still from The Sky Above, The Mud Below, 1961.

A geographical concept based on outdated European ideas of race – does 'Melanesia' exist?

Beyond the popular image of a harsh, vast expanse. 

Welsh flag cigarette card, 20th century.

‘The Welsh would be insuperable if only they were inseparable.’

Pulled Apart by the Great Powers, from ‘L’Assiette au Beurre’, 1903.

The North African country before and after Islam. 

Issue of The War Illustrated showing Gurkhas in action, 1914.

One of the world's poorest countries, for much of its history Nepal has been hidden from the world.

South Polar Chart, 1901.

First sighted in 1820, for much of human history Antarctica has been an abstract idea.

Uzbekistan, from Silk Road to Soviet Union.

From slavery, sugar and the worst of western colonialism to reggae and Rastafari.