Diary of a Liberal Pioneer

David Garner looks at 19th century Africa through the diaries of James Butler

As South Africa today strives to come to terms with its past, many outside the country find it hard to understand how it is that the country had not long ago dissolved into irreconcilable racial conflict. The roots of apartheid go deep, long before 1948 when Afrikaner nationalists first came to power. Yet concern for constitutional democracy, racial tolerance and social justice in South Africa has an equally long history which underpins Archbishop Tutu’s present hopes for the future of a 'Rainbow Nation'.

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