Crisis-ridden Pakistan is a very different country from the one envisioned by its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
When India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, the region’s Princely States – including tiny Sikkim – became pawns in South Asia’s great power politics, as Andrew Duff explains.
Victory over the tribesmen on the North-west frontier of British India, writes James Lunt, is still commemorated by Sikh regiments.
Lucy Chester examines the processes by which the Indo-Pakistan border was drawn, dividing a single country into two.
Vernon Hewitt on one of the bitterest legacies of partition.
Mushirul Hasan looks at the reflection of the trauma and tragedy of partition through literature and personal histories.
Francis Robinson considers what the Muslims wanted - and what they got - out of the decision to divide the subcontinent on religious lines.
M. Naeem Qureshi on a remnant of empire which has moved beyond being a mere repository of the Raj.
Jean Alphonse Bernard considers the two key provinces and how they became touchstones and then powderkegs in the nationalist aspirations of both sides.
The ability of Jinnah to unite a series of political expediencies with the popular appeal of Islam to demand a separate state for the Muslim people, has brought him the accolade 'the founder of Pakistan'.