Pakistan

Pakistan: A Failed State?

Crisis-ridden Pakistan is a very different country from the one envisioned by its founder, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. 

A Himalayan Chess Game

When India and Pakistan gained independence from Britain in 1947, the region’s Princely States – including tiny Sikkim – became pawns in South Asia’s great power politics, as Andrew Duff explains.

Parting of the Ways

Lucy Chester examines the processes by which the Indo-Pakistan border was drawn, dividing a single country into two.

The Muslims and Partition

Francis Robinson considers what the Muslims wanted - and what they got - out of the decision to divide the subcontinent on religious lines.

Jinnah and the Making of Pakistan

The ability of Jinnah to unite a series of political expediencies with the popular appeal of Islam to demand a separate state for the Muslim people, has brought him the accolade 'the founder of Pakistan'.